What was the purpose of a Census?
Below, Highlighted were the purpose of a Census, so people living in each state had representation in the Federal Government, and apportion the amount of taxes each state had to pay. In those times, there was no direct taxation from the Federal Government. Indians living and working on their Nation’s land were not considered citizens, and did not pay taxes. It is still true to this day. (and the same applies to people living in US territories)
Today, Indians and people of the territories are taxed when the earnings come from the main land.
Section. 2. clause 3
Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
04/23 The Big Census Question
In this show, KrisAnne goes over the text of the Constitution that justifies the Census. A very interesting discussion.