This is a chronological and condensed version of World History that started 6000 years ago. Major events and developments are recounted until the end of the 18th Century.
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In the Beginning
6022 years ago (4004 B.C.), God created the Earth and separated it from the Heavens. He also created Mankind and all the creatures that inhabits the Earth.
Less than 100 years later, Cain killed Abel and was exiled.
No one knows how many sons and daughters Adam had during his 930 year life. Seth (his favorite son) was born when Adam reached 130 years.
Cain took one of his sister or niece, for wife.
Cain and his descendants built the first City. His exiled people populated the whole Earth, by the billions considering Human life span at the time.
By 3300 B.C. the first known civilization Mesopotamia made it’s footprint. Artifacts of Mesopotamia have been found in the past few centuries. Other unknown civilizations had flourished throughout the Earth, some quite advanced, if we consider the finds that to this day we cannot explain. (Advanced Ancient Civilizations). There is a strong possibility that ancient civilizations were well versed in genetic alterations and modifications, among other scientific activities. Keep in mind that those intrigued by science had more than a half century of research (if we compare to today’s scientists), but instead, had centuries at their disposal for their work.
Something went very wrong. Something that the Creator could not accept. There were Giants in those days. There were also Men unlike normal men, mighty men, men of renown, or men that gave us legends and mythology. Some men were considered gods because of their supernatural abilities. The Earth was filled with violence. All flesh was corrupt. The fossils of monsters that we find in archeological digs were more than likely not created by God, but by mad scientists.
Around 3100 B.C., God warns Noah and instructs him to build an Arc. Noah labored years on to accomplish the task.
By 3050 B.C. Adam, the Patriarch of Mankind, dies.
Around 2900 B.C. one man is taken up to Heaven without experiencing death: Enoch.
Lamech, Noah’s father, dies a few decades before the Flood of 2345 B.C.
2345 B.C. Noah loads the Arc as instructed by God, and the doors are closed from the outside. Every creature on land is taken by the Flood, all creatures with flight die in the months following. Only the Sea creatures and the passengers of the Arc survived.
Methuselah son of Enoch dies of the Flood.
The devastation of the Flood. The violence and the force of the waters literally shifted tectonic plates. Wonders like the Grand Canyon, were made in minutes, as the waters woodshed through the land when the water was drained. Miles high of water returned to the deep, causing havoc on anything solid. Carcasses of land animals were trapped between earth plates and sediments. And as the waters finally settled, entire ancient cities remained submerged. To this day we often discover new ones.
The Old World
As the waters receded, the Arc landed on Mt. Ararat, located in today’s Turkey. (1938 a Russian pilot claims to have taken pictures of the Arc from 14,000 feet. Many hiking expeditions have visited the site since.)
The passengers of the Arc disembarked. The animals free to roam, the eight remaining humans started new civilizations. Noah, his wife, and three sons, were selected because they were pure. The Son’s wife’s however, two of them proved to have been tainted genetically. In the later generations of Ham and Japheth, Giants did reoccur, not at the same rate as before, but they did. On Shem’s side however men were untainted.
“His days shall be an hundred and twenty years” God said about Man. Therefore, the generations that followed had reduced life spans.
– Nimrod, grand-son of Ham, or also known as Gilgamesh, was a man of great stature (his bed was 12 feet long), and became the King of the land of Shinar or modern days Mesopotamia. In his kingdom was built the tower of Babel.
– The first Egyptian civilizations were followed by the Old Kingdom. First recorded exploring expedition: Hannu is said to have sailed down the Red Sea to explore the southeastern areas of the Arabian peninsula (called Punt), during Egypt’s 2nd dynasty. He sailed to what is now part of eastern Ethiopia and Somalia.
– Beginning of the early Chinese civilizations.
– Another old world civilization rose in the Hindus Valley.
2300-2200 B.C. The great navigators and traders of Phoenicia.
– After their travels around today’s Russia, through the tip of North America, settlements in South Central America gave birth to the Mayancivilizations.
2000 B.C. At 100 years old, Abraham (descendant of Shem) had his second son by his 90 year old wife Sarah: Isaac. He then sent away his first son Ishmael and the mother Hagar maid of Sarah. Ishmael was to be the ancestor of the nations of Arabia.
1600 B.C. Ancient Greece early stages, to culminate under Alexander The Great of Macedonia.
1500 B.C. Moses (the author of Genesis) Exodus, flight from Egypt. 40 years and Joshua leads the people of Israel over the Jordan.
1100 B.C. Saul and the Kingdom of Israel (Capital: Jerusalem). Under the second King, David, expanded its military power and conquests. The 3rd King Solomon, took the Kingdom to a prosperity known by all neighbors. He actively worked and traded with the Phoenicians and Assyrians. The Kingdom split right after his death (974 BC.). First, the Northern Kingdom was invaded by the Assyrians (Capital Damascus was destroyed). Later, the Southern Kingdom (Jerusalem) was utterly destroyed by the Babylonians around 600 B.C. The survivors fled or were taken captive.
6th Century B.C. Scylax of Caryanda was an ancient Greek explorer who explored the Middle East, including the Indus River. He sailed from the city of Caspatyrus (in Pactyica) toward the sea and explored for 30 months. Scylax was sent by the Emperor Darius of Persia (now Iran), who wanted the information in order to expand his empire and conquer India.
550 B.C. The Persian Empire succeeded the Assyrians and the Babylonians, until the Muslim conquest around 650 AD.
114 B.C. Zhang Qian was a Chinese explorer who traveled to the steppes of Central Asia during the reign of the Han dynasty Emperor Han Wudi. He was the first person to bring information on this area to China. From this 12-year journey, Zhang Qian was named supreme counselor of the palace by the Emperor. Many years later, the Emperor sent him to visit the Wu-sun people to the northwest of China, another Indo-European tribe living in what is now Russia. His travels, and those of his assistants (who visited Uzbekistan and Afghanistan) opened up Chinese trade and helped begin the Silk Road, an important trade route connecting the east and the west.
Kingdoms, Empires and Explorers
486 “Voyage of Brendan” – Saint Brendan, also known as Saint Brendon, Brendan the Bold, and Brendan the Voyager was an Irish abbot, monastery founder, and legendary sea voyager. He sailed in the Atlantic Ocean, traveling to the Hebrides (islands off the west coast of Scotland), Scotland, and perhaps to Wales and Brittany (the northwestern coast of France along the English Channel). He may have also sailed to the Canary Islands (off the northwest coast of Africa), the Azores (islands far off the coast of Portugal), and Iceland.
622 The Muslim Empire began with the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, It’s expansion under the Umayyad Caliphate (7th century), extended conquests to southern Europe, including North Africa, Caucasus and central Asia until 1099.
668 The 3 Kingdoms of the Korean Peninsula were unified under the Kingdom of Silla.
950 Eric the Red, Viking explorer. was the first European to sail to Greenland. He sailed from Iceland in 982 and led a group of colonists to Greenland in 985-986.
1000 ERIKSSON LEIF, one of the sons of the explorer Eric the Red, was possibly the first European to sail to North America. Leif sailed north from the southern tip of Greenland, then went south along the coast of Baffin Island down to Labrador, and then landed in what is now called Newfoundland (which he called Vinland). Ericsson was probably preceded to Vinland by the Icelandic explorer Bjarni Herjulfsson, who spotted the coast of North America when blown off course from Iceland to Greenland (but he did not go ashore).
– The Aztecs. The Nahua people and the Aztlan migrants formed what was to become the Aztec Empire. It ended with the Spanish conquest under Hernan Cortes. (15th century)
– The Incas begun in the area of Cusco Peru. They were conquered by the Spanish Francisco Pizarro in the mid 15th century.
1271 Marco Polo Italian voyager and merchant who was one of the first Europeans to travel across Asia through China, visiting the Kublai Khan in Beijing.
1337 to 1453 ‘The 100 Years War‘ England fought France claiming the Kingdom. England’s house of Plantagenet fought for over a 100 years the house of Valois France’s Monarchy. 1415 Joan of Arc at the Siege of Orléans.
1492 Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean, hoping to find a route to India (in order to trade for spices). Sailing for King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella of Spain, Columbus led an expedition with three ships, the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria to the Caribbean and South America.
– John Cabot explored the Canadian coastline and named many of its islands and capes. The mission’s purpose was to search for a Northwest passage across North America to Asia (a seaway to Asia).
– Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer who found a route from Spain to the East. He sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, around Africa’s Cape of Good Hope, to India (and back) in 1497-1499. At that time, many people thought that it was impossible to do this since they thought that the Indian Ocean was not connected to any other seas.
16th Century saw the rise of the Spanish Empire. It became a global power by the 18th century with the greatest territorial expansion.
1507 Ojeda and Amerigo Vespucci discovered the mouth of the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers in South America, thinking it was part of Asia. On his second expedition (sailing for Portugal, 1501-02) he mapped some of the eastern coast of South America, and came to realize that it not part of Asia, but a New World.
1519-1522 Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition that sailed around the Earth (1519-1522). Magellan also named the Pacific Ocean.
Late 16th Century
– The British Empire, a Global power by the late 1800’s. Largest Empire in history.
– The French Colonial Empire, became Napoleon’s conquest Empire in the early 1800’s.
17th Century Russian Empire stretching over 3 continents, defeated Napoleon’s ambitions.
1768-1779 James Cook, circumnavigated the globe at an extreme southern latitude, becoming one of the first to cross the Antarctic Circle (17 January 1773). In the Antarctic fog, Resolution and Adventure became separated. Furneaux made his way to New Zealand, where he lost some of his men during an encounter with Māori, and eventually sailed back to Britain, while Cook continued to explore the Antarctic, reaching 71°10’S on 31 January 1774. The routes of Captain James Cook’s voyages. The first voyage is shown in red, second voyage in green, and third voyage in blue. The route of Cook’s crew following his death is shown as a dashed blue line.
1841 James Clark RossLed an Antarctic expedition (1839-43), commanding the “Erebus” while his friend Francis Crozier commanded the “Terror.” [These two ships were lost years later when Franklin’s Arctic expedition failed.] Ross charted much of the coastline and in 1841 discovered the Ross Sea, the Victoria Land area of Antarctica, Mount Erebus (a 12,400-foot tall volcano on Antarctica), and Mount Terror (a smaller, nearby, extinct volcano). Ross also discovered the Victoria Barrier, which was later renamed the Ross Ice Shelf. Ross wrote his memoirs, “A Voyage of Discovery and Research in the Southern and Antarctic Regions” (1847).
1926 Richard ByrdByrd (the navigator) and Floyd Bennett (the pilot) made what may have been the first airplane trip over the North Pole, in a 15 1/2 hour flight; they flew from King’s Bay, Spitsbergen, Norway, to the North Pole and back again. There is a dispute as to whether or not they actually reached the pole. He also made four Antarctic land expeditions:
- During the 1928-30 expedition, the base called Little America was built on the Ross Ice Shelf; the nearby Marie Byrd Land was named for Byrd’s wife, and on Nov. 29, 1929, Byrd (as navigator) and three others made a 19-hour flight over the South Pole.
- During the 1933-35 mapping, land-claiming, and scientific expedition, Byrd spent five months isolated at a weather station hut (called Bolling Advance Base) and was rescued after suffering carbon monoxide poisoning.
- During the 1939-41 US government expedition (called the US Antarctic Service Expedition), Byrd discovered Thurston Island.
- During the huge 1946-47 US government expedition (called Operation Highjump), ship-based and land-based aircraft mapped 537,000 square miles (1,390,000 square km) along the Antarctic coast.
Byrd was also involved with two later Antarctic expeditions. Byrd wrote about his adventures in his books: Skyward (1928), Little America (1930), and Alone (1938).“…there is left in the world today an area as big as the United States, that’s never been seen by human beings, and that’s beyond the pole, on the other side of the South pole, from middle America. And I think it’s quite astonishing ….” _ Admiral Byrd
Science has it’s own version of history based on unproven science allowing dating of objects. As an example, one of the biggest controversy is the Grand Canyon. They say it took millions of years to dig such a wonder. Do they forget the power of water? Are they dismissing the flood as described in the Bible, as an impossibility?